Water security for Central Kosovo

Client : Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning of Kosovo
Financed by : World Bank
Partners : OIEau
Realisation : 2010-2011

SCE missions :

  • Analysis of vulnerability and risk related to seismic and flood scenarios
  • Hydrologicaland hydrological studies for a comprehensive assessment of water resource availability and water uses for the Iber basin:
    • Analysis of existing conditions as water bodies delineation, water uses and water body status as far as possible considering data availability
    • Assessment of future conditions as alternative climate change scenarios and alternative scenarios for growth and spatial distribution of population
    • Mapping & G.I.S activities for the global hydrological and hydrogeological studies
  • Proposal for a Iber Basin water demand management program, including technical and non-technical measures:
    • Development of a Integrated Water Resources model (WEAP model)
    • List of water saving measures with their costs when appropriate.
    • Evaluation of actual and future water demand including water losses, water demand by sector.
    • Proposal for assumptions on water demand and supply of water of sufficient quality.
    • Proposal of a multi criteria analysis model for prioritization of investment (technical – financial – environmental and institutional)
  • Conceptual design for 2 proposed measures
  • Capacity building with relevant staff to operate reservoir

Kosovo is relatively short of water. The Gazivoda reservoir in the north is the most important one bringing water to the central plateau (Iber basin), through the Gazivoda / Iber canal.

The agricultural sector in Kosovo and especially in the study area (Iber basin) is still poorly organized and the irrigation infrastructure has mostly fallen into disrepair. The town centres are provided with piped water, but physical losses are substantial. Sewerage is often lacking and only one town has an operational wastewater treatment plant. The capital Prishtina and the country’s two thermal power plants are located on the central plateau which also offers the best prospects for industrial development.

Donors are very active in the expansion and improvement of water supply services. The World Bank is committed to support the Government of Kosovo to achieve long term water security in a situation with urgent development needs, increasing demands for water, anthropogenic climate change and severe constraints on public and private finances.

World Bank is therefore initiating a study, which is part of a larger program with the development objective to secure future water supply to strategic sectors in Kosovo. The strategic sectors include:
▪ Domestic water use,
▪ Power and irrigation,
▪ Key industries.

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